Milton Berle (Berlinger), who became known as “Mr. Television”
for his role in popularizing the new medium, had a career that
was one of the longest and most varied in show business, spanning
silent film, vaudeville, radio, motion pictures, and television.
Berle was born in New York City on July 12, 1908, to Moses and
Sarah (Glantz) Berlinger. His father worked at a succession of
jobs; his mother was a store detective who encouraged her young
son in showbusiness. At age five, he won first place in a Charlie
Chaplin look-alike contest.
Steve Jobs is the CEO of Apple, which he co-founded in 1976.
Apple leads the industry in innovation with its award-winning
desktop and notebook Mac computers, OS X operating system, and
iLife and professional applications.
To many, Willie Mays is the greatest all-around baseball player
in history, excelling in hitting for average, hitting for power,
fielding, throwing and base running. During twenty-two seasons of
major league play, the “Say Hey Kid” hit 660 home runs, putting
him in fourth place for the all-time home run record.
Rita Moreno is one of the few performers to have won all four of
the most prestigious showbusiness awards: the Oscar, Emmy, Grammy
Born Rosa Dolores Alverio in Humacao, Puerto Rico, Moreno moved
with her mother to New York when she was five years old. The
following year she began dancing lessons, and at age thirteen
made her Broadway debut in Skydrift.
Spotted by a talent scout, she was signed to a contract with MGM
in 1949. From that point on, her career advanced steadily.
Jackie Robinson will always be remembered as the civil rights
pioneer who broke baseball’s color barrier. When he stepped up to
the plate for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, he became the first
black player to play modern-day Major League Baseball.
Jonas Salk became an international hero when he developed the
first successful vaccine against polio, which once crippled or
killed thousands every year. Thanks to his work and that of
others in the field, the disease has been nearly eradicated
John Steinbeck’s writing, deeply rooted in the Salinas Valley of
his youth, earned him worldwide recognition. He was awarded the
Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962 for “his realistic as well as
imaginative writings, distinguished by a sympathetic humor and a
keen social perception.”
Elizabeth Taylor enchanted audiences for over sixty years.
Born in England of American parents, Taylor relocated with her
family to Los Angeles during World War II. Stunningly beautiful
even as a child, she soon caught Hollywood’s attention, and in
1944 National Velvet catapulted her to stardom. She went
on to star in over fifty more films. Nominated five times, she
won Best Actress Academy Awards for Butterfield 8 (1960)
and Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966).
One of the most influential Supreme Court Chief Justices in U.S.
history, Earl Warren created fundamental and lasting changes in
Born March 19, 1891, in Los Angeles, California, Warren was the
son of immigrant parents. As a youth in Bakersfield, he worked
summers for Southern Pacific Railroad. He later said that his
progressive political and legal attitudes were the result of
seeing first-hand the lives and struggles of working people.
Appearing in more than 175 films during a career that spanned a
half-century, John Wayne became the personification of the
Western hero and an American icon. Nearly thirty years after his
death, he still consistently ranks among the most popular movie
stars of all time.
Born and raised in Southern California, Woods dreamed of being
the world’s best golfer from the time he was a child. Encouraged
by his father, also a golfer, he revealed his talents early,
swinging his way onto television with Bob Hope at age two, and
making it into Golf Digest magazine at age five.