The California Constitution
The Constitution of the State of California is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of California. The original constitution was adopted in November 1849 before California could become a state in 1850. Drafted in just over a month by a diverse group of delegates, the 19-page Constitution of 1849 outlawed slavery, defined citizenship, secured women’s separate property rights, made California officially bilingual with English and Spanish languages, set the state’s boundaries and established a framework for government. It guided California for 30 years and even served as a model for Argentina’s Constitution.