Towering six stories over the courtyard, Constitution Wall
features sculpted words taken from the California Constitution
chosen for their meanings to inspire reflection on the freedoms
guaranteed to all Californians by viewers.
Depending on the angle of the light and the time of day,
different words become more prominent. The word “RIGHTS,” which
is the underlying theme of the piece, stands out more in the late
morning and early afternoon, while “redress” and “assemble” are
more apparent at midday.
In addition to varied reliefs, the words are punctuated by the
wall’s color scheme, as drawn from California’s landscape palette
of forest, ocean and desert hues. Metal oxides embedded in
the wall’s surface colors change over time, ensuring that
the Wall is constantly evolving like the Constitution
Designed by artists Mike Mandel, Larry Sultan and Paul Kos,
Constitution Wall was built by Frederick Meiswinkel Inc. in
collaboration with Esherick, Homsey, Dodge & Davis. The
sculpture was funded in part by the California Arts Council’s Art
in Public Buildings program.